Security Encyclopedia

Active Directory

Active Directory is a Microsoft product used to oversee all users and devices in a Windows environment. It is an essential element of Windows Server, a working system that runs both local and Internet-based servers. Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS), otherwise called an area controller, stores all the client and PC data for individuals in a Windows setting. It arranges, checks their certifications, and characterizes their entrance rights.

At the point when a client must sign on to an AD overseen PC, the area controller is reached so it can confirm the client’s qualifications and access consents. Active Directory Federation Services (AD FS) gives AD clients the capacity to access off-area assets utilizing their AD space qualifications. AD FS utilizes the idea of united personality, which implies that a trust relationship should be established between AD FS and the outside asset.


“Applying for a job in IT or security will require some experience with Active Directory. I often tell people that IT and HR need to work hand in hand to have a strong grasp on user accounts – and learning how to create, modify and delete Active Directory accounts is a great place to start..”

Video – What is Active Directory?